Kozhikode ), also known as Calicut, is a city in the northern part of the state of Kerala in southern India. Kozhikode is the headquarters of the Kozhikode district.Kozhikode has a population of 432,097 as per 2011 census, with an extended metropolitan population of about 1.0 million, making it the third largest urban agglomeration and the third largest city in Kerala.During Classical antiquity and the Middle Ages, Calicut was dubbed the "City of Spices" for its role as the major trading point of eastern spices. Kozhikode was once the capital of an independent kingdom of the same name and later of the erstwhile Malabar District.According to data compiled by economics research firm Indicus Analytics on residences, earnings and investments, Kozhikode ranked as the second best city in India to reside in. Indicus considered six parameters – health, education, environment, safety, public facilities and entertainment. Kozhikode was ranked eleventh among Tier-II Indian cities in job creation by a study conducted by ASSOCHAM in 2007.