The well-known district of
The historic district lies between Avenida Bolognesi and the malecón (quayside), where mid-19th century streets, parks and gardens can be enjoyed. Follow the seafront southward to the beaches lining the coast, to arrive at the Bajada de los Baños (Slopes of the Baths), a romantic location to savour typical local dishes, or enjoy a drink while gazing out over a beautiful ocean view.
The Parque Municipal is found just past this area. Retaining the aristocratic airs of yesteryear, most of Barranco's cafes, restaurants, bars and pubs—housed in mansions—are clustered around this plaza. Like the traditional Bar Juanito, most attract the local bohemians, artists and other patrons who come to Barranco for a good time.
The district is also well-known for its nightlife, which affords all types of entertainment. Grab a pizza along the street named after this dish, the Calle de las Pizzas or take to the floor in one of the modern dance clubs, with the latest techno and trance sounds. For the LGBTQ crowd, you can meet up at Gitano on Berlin street.
The streets, plazas and alleyways of the historical center of Lima have a myriad of cafes and restaurants, which range from classic turn of the century, such as the Palais Concert to modern such as Café Café and Bohemia. The colonial and republican buildings, along the centuries-old streets, house museums, beautiful, cavernous Renaissance and Baroque churches, old mansions of particular historic interest like
From the expansive
Lima's city nightlife is varied. For drinks, try the choperías (beer pubs) such as La Cervecería or El Munich on the Jirón de la Unión street. Stroll the alleyways of Santa Rosa and Los Escribanos and stop for a coffee, ice cream, snack, or browse through a bookshop. Though there are a few night-clubs in this area, it is not the safest of places to venture after dark.
Originally, this district was an upper class residential area where the scenic neighborhoods are arranged around attractive parks of large, stately trees, such as
When arriving in Lima, you will probably come from the Jorge Chavez Lima-Callao International Airport. This district has an important maritime port that serves the entire country. The
The city of Lima is a rich mixture of races and cultures. This has supplied a mosaic of interesting details to discover, from the ancient pre-Columbian temples to the colonial palaces, from neighborhoods with a veneer of times gone-by to the wild discotheques and dark taverns and also deserted beaches and idyllic scenery.
Lima now stands on an area where vast civilizations once thrived before the arrival of the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro. These great empires left numerous constructions as testimony of their existence. The Templo de Pachacamac was built to honour the Hacedor del Mundo (The Creator of the World) of the ancient Wari Civilization and is situated on the outskirts of Lima in the Lurín district.
Some of the other architectural remains called huacas found within the city are Pucllana and Huallamarca and museums filled with beautiful works of art created by these civilizations in honor of their deities. Relics from many other pre-Hispanic cultures can be found in the Museo Nacional de Antropología, Arqueología e Historia (Anthropology, Archaeology and History Museum), as well as the Museo de Oro del Perú which houses exquisite ornaments made from precious metals.
On the January 18th, 1535 Francisco Pizarro founded Lima, which was to become the capital of the Spanish Empire's most extensive Viceroyalty. The city's layout was patterned after Roman settlements, with 117 blocks built surrounding the nucleus of a main square, around which the colony's backbone institutions were erected. The Catedral, the Cabildo (town council), the governor´s house and Pizarro's own residence, which was restored in the beginning of the 20th century and is currently used as the seat of the executive branch known as the Palacio del Gobierno are all found here.
The city's colonial Cabildo was refurbished after independence from Spain, to eventually house the Palacio Municipal (seat of the Municipal authorities), its largest treasure being a library that has hardly changed since its founding. Other well known constructions from that period include the elegant mansions situated on the estates that Pizarro bestowed on the city's conquistador founders, like the Casa de Jerónimo de Aliaga, still intact after 18 generations.
Lima's many churches are the result of fervent devotion to the Catholic faith of the colony. The architectural styles run the gamut, from the Renaissance Catedral, the colonial baroque such as the Iglesia de San Francisco and exuberant Rococo of the Templo de Las Nazarenas. Thus, on virtually every street there is a church to admire for the façade as well as the works of art inside.
During the colonial era there was a succession of viceroys sent from the Hapsburg Court in Spain, among these, Francisco de Toledo is remembered. He propelled mining in the Viceroyalty on a grand scale, therefore helping to turn the Spanish Empire into a world power. Although most of the precious metals (mainly silver) were shipped to Spain, enough were retained for the creation of the local churches' beautiful altars and ornaments.
Not all was power and religion in the colony since the division of Spaniards and Native Americans into dominant and subjugated castes strictly determined social standing. However, before long a third group would appear, the Criollo (Creole)—American-born Spaniards. The term implied a cultural syncretism of old and new worlds. The Creoles were to constitute an important segment of society, one that would eventually instigate the rebellion for independence from Spain.
Peru finally gained its independence in 1824 with the support of multinational armed forces from neighboring countries making Lima a city of Creoles, Native and Afro Americans. The War of Independence was succeeded by numerous power skirmishes within the country that were to last for decades, producing a succession of different governments. The country then entered the golden age of "Guano," a highly prosperous period financed by the export, mainly to Europe, of the coveted fertilizer, found in huge amounts on the Pacific coast. Because of the boom, Lima, was embellished with parks, boulevards, monuments, museums and works of art.
During this prosperous time there was a significant influx of immigrants, both from around Europe as well as China, the so-called "Coolies," who replaced African slaves on the sugar plantations, and were used as labour to extract the guano. Lima, was and still is, a huge cultural mosaic, a condition particularly reflected in the local cuisine, which offers an exquisite variety of tastes and dishes unlike anything else in this world.
After the war against Chile in 1879, the city was left sacked and devastated. A process of reconstruction ensued that modernized the capital with grand avenues, parks and gardens, as well as cafes and other bohemian hangouts. The peak of this period of restructuring was during the government of Augusto Leguía in the early part of the 20th Century. He commissioned the great public works that established the foundations of the modern city, like Avenida Arequipa with its important buildings, and the Escuela de Bellas Artes (School of Fine Arts).
The following decades witnessed a demographic explosion and migration from the country to the city, which forced Lima to grow in a chaotic, disorderly manner. However, the old city center and republican avenues still stand as testimony to the colonial origins of this beautiful city.
One of Lima's main attractions is its delicious cooking; quality food is found everywhere and it is not necessary to only go to the most expensive restaurants to enjoy a good meal. Lima's cuisine has managed to incorporate many influences and has made many traditions of its own. Its cuisine is exemplified by a huge diversity: Native American, Spanish, Chinese, Italian, Arab, African and a great variety of flavors from other parts of Peru.
To sample the unique taste of exquisite traditional food, choose from well-seasoned dishes like the delicious Ají de Gallina (shredded chicken in spicy cream sauce), Rocoto Relleno (stuffed Peruvian hot pepper), Lomo Saltado (stir-fried beef with rice and chips) or Carapulcra (sun-dried potato stew). The renown Pisco Sour, prepared with pisco (a potent spirit distilled from grapes), lemon juice, sugar and egg-white is very popular, as is the refreshing drink made from boiled purple maize, the Chicha Morada.
There is a wide range of restaurants in Lima, from highly economical to very expensive. To sample Peruvian cuisine, the José Antonio in San Isidro and El Señorío de Sulco are wonderful places to eat like the natives. If you prefer French and Mediterranean cuisine in general, we recommend Le Bistrot de Mes Fils which boasts a extensive wine list, or La Bonbonniere styled after the "Salons du Thé" in France. The fusion of Peruvian-Mediterranean food can be savored at MYO, where they also serve Algarrobina, a drink made with Pisco, cinnamon and egg. For lovers of Japanese food, Lima offers renowned restaurants like Matsuei, Sushi Ito and Ichiban at the Hotel El Olivar. If what you want is Italian food, the best choices are Al Dente and San Ceferino Trattoria.
Miraflores contains the largest amount of restaurants in the entire Lima metropolitan area and the visitor will no doubt find what he or she is looking for, one place to try a local dish is Las Brujas de Cachiche (specialists in tacu-tacu, a creole combination of rice and beans),go to A Puerta Cerrada to try some ceviche, a spicy mix of shrimp, tilapia and potatos marinated in lime juice. Another restaurant that specializes in criole food is Zeño Manué, where the food is made as it was hundreds of years ago. A less expensive option, close to Parque Central de Miraflores is Tasca Bar offering savoury dishes and friendly service.
The fertile waters of the Peruvian Sea boast one of the greatest diversities of fish and shellfish in the world. Consequently, the country has developed a whole range of delicious fresh dishes, such as the celebrated Cebiche de Pescado (fish in lemon-juice marinade) or Cebiche Mixto (fish and shellfish marinade). In addition, there are a variety of main courses to choose from, such as Escabeche de Pescado (fried fish with onions), the ever-present Arroz con Mariscos (shellfish and rice) or Chicharrones de Pescado y Calamares (batter-fried fish and squid). Along with restaurants specialising in seafood, there is the well-known cebicherías throughout the city. In this district, there is a wide range of seafood restaurants like La Mar where the fashion conscious meet, and for the freshest seafood, go to Punta Sal,El Pez Amigo or La Rosa Nautica which are all good choices. For those looking for a beer and some sports, go to The Corner which is located in a busy area of Miraflores and for a pint of Guiness go to Murphy's Irish Pub, the oldest irish pub in Lima. The renowned Calle de las Pizzas (Pizza Lane) in Miraflores, is a tourist attraction just for its number of pizzerías and their picturesque environment. Naturally there is plenty of italian restaurants here like the Antico Ristorante Italiano di Porto Rotondo, the Trattoria di Mambrino owned by a local celebrity and the ever popular Don Rosalino, where the pizzas are made with the freshest ingredients. This area also has a myriad of French restaurants, two of the best are Café Voltaire and Le+Bon+Bakery+Cafe, a place to enjoy amazing pastries. More restaurants with a Peruvian flair and somewhat economical are Astrid y Gastón, Señorío de Sulco and Mangos.
The Chorrillos district is one of the best known for traditional cebicherías like Sonia. Another one of the best restaurants in the city is El Salto del Fraile located along some cliffs with the most spectacular views of the ocean, and after dinner, enjoy a cocktail while dancing to the sounds of the sea.
Chinese food has fused with Peruvian cuisine, with the result of an extensive new range of flavors that can be enjoyed at the popular Chifas (Chinese restaurants), many of which are in Lima—a very good option for cost-effective, wholesome food; but if you want to try excellent Chinese food, then head for Chifa Wa Lok in the central Chinatown district. Another restaurant worth mentioning is Los Escribanos, frequented by locals and tourists alike. The restaurant L'Eau Vive is run by a convent of nuns and serves simple, yet tasty cuisine. If you're looking to shoot some pool and have a beer, go to the Brewing Corner and for those looking to people watch, there is the Cordano, where all types go for the strong Pisco Sour.
The Barranco offers a spectacular array of restaurants, such as the classic La Canta Rana and De Rompe y Raja, a seafood paradise is also found in Barranco at El Muelle. Two restaurants in this area are Manos Morenas and Rustica which has a buffet set with a wide range of dishes. Peruvian style Charcoal-grilled chicken, a popular dish, is popularly served throughout the city and well worth tasting here. A couple of dives that are very popular with the younger crowd and offer both drinking and dancing are the Bierhaus, where you can enjoy some Peruvian beer and Juanito's.
For desserts, Lima's cuisine offers some quite succulent alternatives some of the more widely known include: Arroz Zambito (rice pudding with brown sugar), Arroz Con Leche (rice pudding), Suspiro a la Limeña (a creamy, sweet, meringue with a delicate name: Limeñan Sighs), Mazamorra Morada (made from purple maize), Pie de Limón (lemon meringue pie), Cheesecake de Saúco (a native Andean fruit), Huevos Chimbos (a type of flan with a caramel and triple-sec coating), higos rellenos con manjar blanco (figs stuffed with blancmange), Mousse de Lúcuma, Picarones (local variety of doughnut). Try these desserts at Punto Blanco, and some of the least expensive carretillas (food carts) on Alameda Chabuca Granda.
Shopping Tour in Monterrico
In the same way that the hotel infrastructure has undergone dramatic development in the last few years, the shopping scene in Lima has become much more diverse and sophisticated. Whilst quality and price usually reflect the type of establishment where goods are sold, this is not always the case in Lima and even in the most exclusive stores you can find quality goods for a reasonable price.
This residential area lately has become an important addition to the shopping scene. The Jockey Plaza is the focus, named due to its location within the perimeters of a race course. Opened in 1997, it is one of the largest and most comprehensive shopping centers in Lima, containing huge department stores like Ripley and Saga Falabella, as well as stores that sell a wide range of shoes, books, clothes for men, women and children, accessories, surf equipment, household goods and gifts stores.
The Avenida Caminos del Inca is not only known for being one of the largest streets in Monterrico, but also for the shopping center of the same name. The Caminos Del Inca shopping mall is smaller than the Jockey Plaza, but still has plenty of boutiques, shoe, and music and gifts.
Another famous avenue for shopping in this district is El Polo, where the El Polo shopping center is located. The center is in front of the U.S. Embassy and is characterized as being small but having a tremendous diversity of clothing stores for women, men and children, as well as a Pharmax store where you can find medicine, gifts and books, even wine and deli products.
Shopping in Miraflores
In the Larcomar Shopping Center you can enjoy a beautiful view of the beach and find, in addition to some fun and good food, gift shops, compact discs, toys and accessories. A more casual alternative in this district that you will find is the small Romeo and Juliet Gallery which has alternative fashion stores and two movie theaters.
On Petit Thouars Avenue in this district, you can find several Artisan's Markets which contain a large variety of art from around Peru. It is normal to haggle with the vendors since they will usually offer their wares at a higher price with the intention of reaching an accord somewhere in the middle. Yachaywasi is another artisanal store that also has an interesting selection of souvenirs for tourists.
Alpaca textiles are the product of ancient tradition and are well known for their excellent quality, softness and beauty. The Casa de la Alpaca has a large selection of clothes for everyone. Another important chain specialising in this fabric is Alpaca 111, which has a nice selection of sweaters, fabrics and textile accessories made out of Alpacas and Vicuñas. There are also many shops in the Indian markets, which sell products made from a variety of different fabrics, such as wool, alpaca, vicuña and cotton.
Peruvian crafts and fine metalwork are of a very high standard, especially the silverwork, which is recognized worldwide. The market ranges from items for the small budget to more expensive elaborate works. One of the most prestigious chains of shops in this field is Camusso, which has been established for many years offering a large selection of silver jewelery. Another good place for silver work is Juan Banchero.
Shopping in San Miguel
In the densely populated San Miguel district is the recently refurbished shopping center of Plaza San Miguel, containing a large selection of clothes boutiques, toy and gift shops and more. The centre also has a branch of Saga Falabella and Ace Home Center, which sells hardware, garden tools, DIY and home fittings.
Among the most popular tourist purchases in Lima are the many Peruvian arts and crafts, which represent the various people, regions and traditions of the Peruvian cultures. The Gran Mercado Inca can be found in the Avenida la Marina, which has many outlets offering different crafts from across the country.
Shopping in Barranco and Chorrillos
Las Pallas, in Barranco, offers a variety of one-off pieces from all of Peru. One of Lima's best-known jewelers is Esther Ventura, who produces jewelery in silver, based on pre-Inca designs, as well as more original creations. Her jewelery is available in her workshop located on the seafront of Chorrillos.
Temple of Pucllana
Lima's archaeological legacy includes some wonderful treasures from the various cultures, which have inhabited parts of the capital for 4,000 years. A good place to start an archaeological tour of Lima and its surrounding areas would be in the capital itself, where coastal cultures such as the Chavín and the Wari have left the marks of their civilizations.
Visitors can begin their tour in the well-known district of Miraflores, where they can find the Huaca de Pucllana. This huaca was part of an old feudal administration that was said to be an oracle which attracted people looking for answers to the problems in their lives, which were given in the Quechua language by a man named Rimac. The oracle had such a great influence in the valley that it ended up being named after the counselor, later renamed Lima by the Spanish conquerors.
Temple of Huallamarca
You can continue on to the neighbouring district of San Isidro to Huaca Huallamarka, built in the early 20th Century. This sacrosanct monument is a kind of truncated pyramid with a ramp rising from the ground, which the priest and his followers must have ascended, in order to carry out their rituals. The structure of this building is reminiscent of similar ones in Mexico, which were left by the Aztecs, only smaller and made from different materials. This one was constructed with clay and tiny pebbles—of the sort one would find on a riverbed—which have been laid out symmetrically.
This huaca has a museum on site where the Momia de los Cabellos Largos, "Long-haired mummy" is one of the exhibits. This mummy could have been the Princess of the feudal administration to which the temple belonged. Archaeologists have yet to discover everything about this temple; some studies suggest the existence of an old citadel buried underneath it, dating from the year 800 BC.
After visiting these two interesting pre-Columbian temples, visitors can take a bus toward the interior (the sierra) along the Carretera Central de Lima as far as Kilometer 7.5, which exits at Ate-Vitarte. This is the site of the pretty constructions of Puruchuco, the remains of which are in very good condition. This construction has a museum on site where the mummy of the Señor de Puruchuco is on show along with the remains of various ceramics and fine cloths, among other things.
Citadel of Huachipa
At Kilometre 12.5, you will come to a minor road, which takes you in the direction of Huachipa. The road is in rough shape, but will take you to Cajamarquilla, the main citadel of the coastal Wari culture. It was constructed in brick and housed more than 15,000 people. It seems to have been a vital centre for coastal commerce and played an important role in fulfilling the basic administrative principals of reciprocity and redistribution between the settlements of the coastal area. Religious festivals, at which offerings of produce to be redistributed later were made, reinforced these principles.
The Wari Empire collapsed in 1100 AD and this city was supplanted by the fortress and religious center Pachacamac, henceforth the administrative laws became more aligned with cultures such as the Inca. This major religious and administrative center is the most important in Lima. Its remains stand as testimony, and are the most visited in the capital.
Pachacamac is situated at Kilometre 31 of the old Southern Pan-American Highway, in Lurín, and is accessible by public transport or under your own steam. Admission is 10 soles and it is recommended to hire a guide to best appreciate the significance of the 11 buildings constructed on this yellow hill opposite the sea. The site has remains from ancient cultures, like the Huaca de Adobitos, which originated from the Maranga culture, around 650AD.
The complex also has Inca constructions such as the Casa de las Escogidas, or Acllawasi, where Inca concubines were educated. One thing that stands out in this construction, of a design recalling Cuzco, is the large square with niches where chosen women would make offerings to the Gods and carry out their ceremonies. The pools were used to keep multi-colored fish.
The Pachacamac temple is in a very poor state of repair, but one can still tour this ancient brick structure, which used to have a wooden beam in the center of the temple that all the pilgrims from along the coast would worship like a god. This beam can now be found in the site museum. The Templo del Sol is the largest and most important construction at Pachacamac, situated at the highest point of the hill, looking out to sea. Inside there are niches where the ceremonies of the sun cults were performed.
A tour around Callao and La Punta
Well before the arrival of the Spanish conquerors, the Chalacos (the Quechua name for the local inhabitants of Callao) were famed for their festiveness and friendliness, which is why the area has always been so popular among visitors.
Some of the suggested stop-offs of Callao are the following:
Carmen de la Legua Church
Located in Colonial Avenue, this is a beautiful church, which was constructed toward the beginning of the 18th century. Inside, you can see an ancient image of the Virgen de Carmen.
From the beginning of the 19th Century onwards, many immigrants from Asia and Europe, especially Chinese and Italians, arrived in the Bay of Callao. A boom in guano exports (a natural fertilizer, derived from the accumulated droppings of an estimated 40 million seabirds, over the course of millenniums) had merchant seamen racing to fill their hulls with the odorous cargo. They would sail back and forth from the northern to Southern Hemisphere and many of the sailors ended up as residents of the local port. This particular migratory flow came to an abrupt end with the economic crisis that started in the early 1880's.
San Lorenzo and the Frontón Islands
Easily seen from land, these are the first islands to offer a welcome to passing visitors. San Lorenzo Island used to be a pirates refuge in the Spanish colonial days, and El Frontón today hosts a penal colony for those sentenced for terrorist offenses.
Royal Felipe Fort
Located between the port and the navel lighthouse, this was one of the largest forts built by Spain in the 18th Century. In 1952, the Royal Felipe Fort was declared a National Monument and today houses an interesting museum and an army unit.
Located a few blocks from the Royal Felipe fort, the Naval Museum offers a display of many valuable documents related to Peruvian Navy History, as well as other relics from the 1879 War of the Pacific against Chile, and belongings pertaining to Miguel Grau, one of Peru's military heroes. From here, a short boat tour can be arranged, offering the visitor the chance to admire the most important places around the bay.
At the end of the 19th Century, La Punta was one of the top summer resorts, especially among Lima's upper classes. However, over the years, and due to the city's southerly expansion, this beautiful place has gradually become less popular, but continues to be a pleasant area to walk along the boardwalk.
Local Chalaco Restaurants
Fish and shellfish are the main ingredients of the dishes on offer. We suggest the typical Cebiche (fish marinated in lemon juice); Parihuela (a spicy soup with lots of shellfish and fish), or the exquisite Corvina a la Chalaca (sea bass Chalaca- style). Recommended local eating-houses are Maguila, La Casa de Domitila and Franchesco.
The Lima seaboard is popular not only for its hearty culinary offerings of a tasty selection of fish and shellfish dishes to choose from, but also for the diversity of its beaches, ideal for all surfers. The main city districts come to an abrupt end by the high cliffs that border the shoreline. At the base of these is found a coastal highway—known locally as the "Costa Verde", (The Green Coast), which skirts the edge of all the principal beaches. Most of these beaches are rocky and have a regular flow of waves, a condition that makes them an excellent spot for surfing. The most popular beaches are found in the Miraflores. district.
Makaha Beach is characterized by smaller waves and visited mostly by surfboard beginners. However, further out one finds La Reventazón (The Blowout), which are bigger waves that offer much better conditions for all those fond of long-board surfing. Pampilla Beach is often included in the tour circuits of national surf championship competitions. With a regular flow of waves that vary in size from medium to large, offering better conditions than Makaha beach. Surfers are able to use both short- and long-boards. At Punta Roquitas Beach, here, the waves that sweep in from the ocean don't run as far as those found on Pampilla beach, but they are much faster, as well as being more consistent throughout the whole year.
Herradura Beach is in the Chorrillos district you will find La Herradura beach, with a stony seabed, and located on the left side of a large rock escarpment. The waves that break along this part of the shoreline can swell up to four meters in height.
To the south of Lima there are a greater variety of beaches to choose from, with access via and linked by the southbound Pan American highway, and mean water temperatures and climate that obviously change according to the season. At Señoritas Beach, this is a beach with a stony seabed and fast, tubular waves that sweep in from the south, swelling up on their northern flanks. The recommended surfboard sizes are the same as for Caballeros beach. Pico Alto Beach, as its name (High Peak) indicates, this beach features some of the tallest waves in the Lima district, which can rise up more than seven meters in height. It is located 28 miles down the Pan American highway, in the Playa Norte resort on Punta Hermosa. The surfboards used here are nicknamed Picoalteras (High-peaks) and are usually eight feet in length or more.
Punta Rocas Beach is located 30 miles down the Pan American highway, this is a well known beach on the international surfboard circuit thanks to the championships that are hosted here. The beach is sandy and the waves sweep in from both the right and left over a stony seabed. Puerto Viejo Beach is a big sandy beach located 44 miles down the Pan American highway. Puerto Viejo features a quick tubular wave with an attractive sweep than can break with a height of up to two meters. These waves can be surfed on boards of six feet and longer. The use of a wetsuit is recommended in winter.
The Cerro Azul Pier is an old port characterized by a long jetty, used nowadays by local fishermen. A beautiful landscape blends well with a long, perfect wave sweeping in from the left, which is also good for long-board surfers. There are good swells on the right hand side of the jetty, where an average, tubular formed wave breaks, which, although of a shorter run, has all the necessary attributes. Here surfboards of six feet or more, including long-boards, can be used.
Calendar of Local Festivals
Peru is a country with a rich cultural tradition, often expressed by local festivals, held throughout the year, according to the customs of each town and village. During the last week of February, Lima hosts its well-known Carnival, where you will be able to see many colorful and vibrant dresses. One month later in Ica, a hot, picturesque province to the south of the capital, The Grape Harvest starts. During this colourful pageant a queen is elected, who doesn't only have to demonstrate her charm and beauty, but also part of her ancestral inheritance to "tread grapes." This custom has been carried out in Ica since the days of the Spanish colony. At the beginning of April (as well as December), the National Horse Dressage Competition is held in the town of Pachacámac (found to the south of Lima).
And on May 3rd, the traditional Festival of the Cross is held in Punta Hermosa, a beautiful beach resort also close to Lima. Another very interesting event is the Festival del Pisco. It should be mentioned that this rather potent spirit was created in the town of the same name, found to the south of Lima. Pisco is made from an elaborate process using grapes, which can be seen in the local haciendas dedicated to this task. The Pisco Festival is held in the province of Cañete, in the Pacarán district, on May 5th.
July is a month full of patriotic significance. On July 28, 1824, the Argentinean General José de San Martín, obligingly proclaimed Peru's independence from the Spanish Crown. This date has since been made a public holiday, and the Fiestas Patrias are passionately celebrated around the whole country. Even though each particular celebration is an important event for those in the town or village that hold it, undoubtedly the Señor de los Milagros Procession is one of the most transcendental religious events in the whole country. Another traditional albeit controversial celebration, is the Señor de los Milagros Bull Festival that starts on the first Sunday in October and then continues on each successive Sunday.
On October 29, in the port of Callao, the well-known Verbena Criolla (Creole Carnival) is held, bringing together local artists who offer a musical homage to the Master of the Seas. When speaking about Peruvian cultural traditions, music and song, how not to mention the National Song Day held on October 31. Throughout the capital, well-known artists and important local musicians pay tribute to our country's vibrant musical and cultural heritage.
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